Dutch public transport services are operated in the form of public service obligation (PSO) contracts. With a PSO contract granted by a public transport authority (there are 14 public transport authorities in the Netherlands), a public transport company has the sole right to transport passengers in a certain region or along a specific line.
About North-Holland North
There are approximately 35 public transport service contracts in the Netherlands. One of them is North-Holland North that provides public bus services in the northern part of the Netherlands. It covers around 15 municipalities including Alkmaar, Den Helder, Heerhugowaard, and one of the Wadden Sea Islands, Texel.
The North-Holland North service contract is for 10 years. The current contract will end in July 2018. In March 2016, a tender for the new service period (2018-2028) was started by the North Holland Province, the public transport authority under which the North-Holland North service contract falls. For this, Fimotions assisted the tender team of Connexxion, the company currently operating this service. Connexxion is a large public transport company and today operates 18 public transport service contracts in the Netherlands.
In May 2017, it was announced that the North Holland Province granted the new contract to Connexxion.
Fimotions’ main task was to develop a Sustainability Plan and Transition to Zero Emission. This plan describes the objectives and measures needed to reduce CO2 emissions and air pollutants per passenger kilometer, mainly by deploying zero-emission buses. The public transport authority also required that starting from 2025 at least 50% of the bus fleet in the new service must be zero-emission.
Furthermore, the sustainability plan elaborates the implementation phases for the deployment of the zero-emission buses, how to guarantee a successful implementation, and mitigating measures. Last but not least, the plan also outlines other sustainability measures, such as noise reduction and circular economy.