Sustainable Mobility Rotterdam 2020
This research project aimed at developing a sustainable mobility scenario in 2020 for the Rotterdam region. The basic requirements of the scenario were:
- conservation of nature and landscapes
- high livability of the city by reducing local emissions (PM10 and NOx), and noise level
- Combating climate change by reducing CO2 emission
People Planet Profit
The three pillars of sustainability: People (social sustainability), Planet (ecological sustainability) and Profit (economic sustainability) was a central point in this research.
The People dimension in the transportation framework considers the wishes and needs of the stakeholders. It refers also to the quality, liveability and accessibility of the city. The Planet dimension refers to, amongst others, the reduction of CO2 emission and other greenhouse gases. Noise, spatial use and quality are also important planet themes for the transportation sector. Profit, or economic dimension, refers to sustainable traffic and transport system with lower social costs such as less environmental impact, less accidents and less traffic delays. This dimension also includes the economic vitality of cities and city centres.
The research came up with several conclusions. Firstly, sustainability was mostly a window dressing in many mobility policies (that developed before 2010). Infrastructure development for private vehicles got a better priority. Secondly, the coherence among various transport plans and policies developed for Rotterdam and the surrounding cities (like The Hague, Leiden, and Dordrecht) was low. And thirdly, a sustainable mobility system could only be created when the system is prioritising non-motorised transport, public transport, and the integration of these transport modes.
*) This project was undertaken when Fadiah was working as a full-time consultant at Balancia.