Urban Transport in Islamic Megacities
This research project was undertaken by WYG and Fimotions, commissioned by the COMCEC Coordination Office. COMCEC is one of the four Standing Committees of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). It serves as a central Forum to address the common development problems of the Islamic countries and provide solutions to them.
There are 57 member states categorised in three groups. The first one is the Arab Group with member countries such as Egypt, Morocco, and United Arab Emirates. The second group is the Asian Group with member countries such as Azerbaijan, Indonesia, and Turkey. The third one is the African Group with member countries such as Cameroon, Nigeria, and Uganda.
The study aims to investigate the latest global trends of urban transport in the world’s megacities. The most common definition of a megacity is: “A city with a population of 10 million or more”. As of July 2014, there are 28 megacities in the world. Tokyo in Japan ranks the first with nearly 38 million people. And Jakarta in Indonesia ranks the last with 10 million.
Three case studies
For the case study, three megacities of OIC member states are selected. The first case is Cairo in Egypt, the second case is Jakarta in Indonesia, and the last case is Dakar in Senegal. Actually, Lagos is the only megacity in the African group. However, for the case study we chose Dakar, because this city is considered as an emerging megacity. Therefore, it can better represent the rest of the member states in the African Group. A study visit to each of the three cities was organised to experience the urban transport issues first hand and to have face-to-face meetings with key stakeholders.
The fact that all OIC megacities belong to a developing country means that they share some common characteristics. The 10 frameworks of characteristics of urban transport are:
- Transport network and land use planning
- Mode availability and shares
- Freight and servicing
- Road safety
- Institutions and organisational structure
- Urban infrastructure financing
- Climate change
- Social exclusion
- Human dimension.
The recommendations given in the study were structured based on these 10 framework areas. The conclusion of this study is that the 1st and 5th framework areas are the key priorities to adress. These two areas are necessary starting points for a change in mindset and a clear understanding of the strategic needs of cities.
The study results were presented at the 6th Meeting of COMCEC Transport and Communications Working Group in Ankara on October 22nd, 2015.
The study report can be downloaded through this link