Last month, the Sustainable Mobility for All initiative launched the Global Roadmap of Action toward Sustainable Mobility. It aims to help countries prioritise policy actions to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, based on their current mobility performance. As such, action plans can be tailored to each country, depending on their progress on mobility.
Global Roadmap of Action describes how to achieve sustainable mobility using a comprehensive approach, from diagnosis to implementation, as depicted in the following diagram:
The Roadmap outlines four policy goals defining sustainable mobility (universal access, efficiency, safety and green mobility). The mobility performance of 183 countries is determined against these goals, in terms of how close they are to their aspirational targets. These countries are classified into four groups, from best performers to low performers.
A catalogue of 182 policy measures was developed. They were classified into 22 thematic areas and four toolboxes (regulatory and institutional; engineering and technology; economics and finance; and communication). All of these policy measures were scored on their impact on the four policy goals (from 0 – no impact to 2 – high impact) and on the country-relevance group. The scores were sourced collectively and reviewed extensively by Sum4All experts from different organisations involved in the process.
The output is a prototype action plan that consists of approximately 30 policy measures, drawn from the catalogue of 182 policy measures, that are most impactful and relevant for a country. The 30 policy measures are deemed manageable and can be prioritised based on a country’s current mobility performance.
Some interesting key takeaways from the report are:
- Challenges to universal urban access start with the traditional approach to urban planning, which continues to place greater emphasis on low-density, urban sprawl areas and individual motorized traffic, while disregarding public transport, cycling and walking.
- Globally, an additional 380 million people would have access to sustainable transport if rapid transit systems were introduced in cities with a population of at least one million that currently lack these systems.
- Globally, an additional 1.6 billion people would breathe cleaner air if transportation pollution was halved.
Besides the report, an online tool is also available on the website. The tool enables users to derive and customise a series of action plans.